Orchids of Malaysia   Leave a comment


Orchids of Malaysia
From Wikipedia:-
Orchidaceae is a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and often fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest families of flowering plants, with between 21,950 and 26,049 currently accepted species, found in 880 genera. The determination of which family is larger is still under debate, because verified data on the members of such enormous families are continually in flux. Regardless, the number of orchid species nearly equals the number of bony fishes and more than twice the number of bird species, and about four times the number of mammal species. The family also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants. The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species), Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species).

The family also includes Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus), and many commonly cultivated plants such as Phalaenopsis and Cattleya. Moreover, since the introduction of tropical species into cultivation in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars.


Genera
Main article: List of Orchidaceae genera
The following are amongst the most notable genera of the orchid family:[citation needed]

Aa
Abdominea
Acampe
Acanthephippium
Aceratorchis
Acianthus
Acineta
Acrorchis
Ada
Aerangis
Aeranthes
Aerides
Aganisia
Agrostophyllum
Amitostigma
Anacamptis
Ancistrochilus
Angraecum
Anguloa
Ansellia
Aorchis
Aplectrum
Arachnis
Arethusa
Armodorum
Ascocenda
Ascocentrum
Ascoglossum
Australorchis
Auxopus
Baptistonia
Barkeria
Barlia
Bartholina
Beloglottis
Biermannia
Bletilla
Brassavola
Brassia
Bulbophyllum
Calypso
Catasetum
Cattleya
Cirrhopetalum
Cleisostoma
Clowesia
Coelogyne
Coryanthes
Cymbidium
Cyrtopodium
Cypripedium
Dactylorhiza
Dendrobium
Disa
Dracula
Encyclia
Epidendrum
Epipactis
Eria
Eulophia
Gongora
Goodyera
Grammatophyllum
Gymnadenia
Habenaria
Herschelia
Ida
Ionopsis
Laelia
Lepanthes
Liparis
Ludisia
Lycaste
Masdevallia
Maxillaria
Meliorchis
Mexipedium
Miltonia
Mormodes
Odontoglossum
Oeceoclades
Oncidium
Ophrys
Orchis
Paphiopedilum
Papilionanthe
Paraphalaenopsis
Peristeria
Phaius
Phalaenopsis
Pholidota
Phragmipedium
Platanthera
Pleione
Pleurothallis
Pomatocalpa
Promenaea
Pterostylis
Renanthera
Renantherella
Restrepia
Restrepiella
Rhynchostylis
Roezliella
Saccolabium
Sarcochilus
Satyrium
Selenipedium
Serapias
Sobralia
Sophronitis
Spiranthes
Stanhopea
Stelis
Thrixspermum
Tolumnia
Trias
Trichocentrum
Trichoglottis
Vanda
Vanilla
Yoania
Zeuxine
Zygopetalum

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