Archive for January 2, 2016

Welcome to Penang for your holidays   Leave a comment

1-PenangTimesSquare 5D 407
Welcome to Penang for your holidays
I am trying in my personal capacity to encourage more bloggers and visitors to come to my home State of Penang with the George Town as the State Capital in Malaysia, Asia. We have the sea, the hills, the multi-cultural festivals, and so many tourist attractions to offer.

SP Lim

From Wikipedia:-
Penang (Chinese: 槟城, Malay: Pulau Pinang) is a Malaysian state located on the north-western coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Strait of Malacca. The state of Penang consists of Penang Island, where the capital, George Town is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley in English) on the Malay Peninsula.

Founded by Captain Francis Light in 1786, Penang Island was the first British crown colony in Malaya. The historic centre of George Town has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008.

Highly urbanised and industrialised Penang is one of the most developed and economically important states in the country, as well as a thriving tourist destination. Penang has the third-highest Human Development Index in Malaysia, after the state of Selangor and the federal territory of Kuala Lumpur. Its heterogeneous population is highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language and religion. A resident of Penang is colloquially known as a Penangite (in English) or a Penang lang (in the local Penang Hokkien dialect).

This is the Flag of Penang (Pulau Pinang – Island of Areca/Betel/Pinang Nut)
From Wikipedia:-
Areca catechu is a species of palm which grows in much of the tropical Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. The palm is believed to have originated in the Philippines, but is widespread in cultivation and is considered naturalized in southern China (Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Taiwan, India, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, many of the islands in the Pacific Ocean, and also in the West Indies.

The species has many common names including the areca palm, areca nut palm, betel palm, Indian nut, Pinang palm, Telugu: పోక , Tagalog: bunga, Indonesia/Malay: pinang, Malayalam: അടക്ക adakka, Kannada: ಅಡಿಕೆ Adike, (in Tamil “kamuhu”, in Sinhala “Puwak” ). This palm is called the betel tree because its fruit, the areca nut, is often chewed along with the betel leaf, a leaf from a vine of the Piperaceae family.

Areca is derived from a local name from the Malabar Coast of India and catechu is from another Malay name for this palm, caccu.

Areca catechu is a medium-sized and palm tree, growing straight to 20 m tall, with a trunk 10–15 cm in diameter. The leaves are 1.5–2 m long, pinnate, with numerous, crowded leaflets. It is also known as puga in Sanskrit,”puwak” in sinhala and supari in Marathi and Gujarati. Normally areca catechu known as pinang tree in Malaysia


19th century drawing of Areca catechu
Areca catechu is grown for its commercially important seed crop, the areca nut.

Tanjung Pinang, Pangkal Pinang cities in Indonesia, Indonesian province of Jambi (jambi or jambe is areca in Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese, and Old Malay), Penang Island, off the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Fua Mulaku in the Maldives, Guwahati in Assam, and coastal areas of Kerala and Karnataka in India, are some of the places named after a local name for areca nut. Actually, there are numerous city and areal names in Indonesia and Malaysia using the words pinang or jambe. This to shows how important areca nut is in the Austronesian civilization, especially in the modern day Indonesia or Malaysia.

Chemical composition
The seed contains alkaloids such as arecaidine and arecoline, which, when chewed, are intoxicating and slightly addictive. Areca palms are grown in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan and many other Asian countries for their seeds.

The seed also contains condensed tannins (procyanidins) called arecatannins which are carcinogenic.

Inserted by SP Lim
Note: It is extremely difficult to find a Pinang Tree in modern-day George Town nowadays. The blogger’s grand-mother used to chew on these betel nuts with sireh leaves producing a red “blood-like” liquid, but the old habit had ceased; due to the cancer scare and older generation has passed on.

Posted January 2, 2016 by lspeng1951 in Religious / Cultural, Tourism, Tourists' Spots, Travel

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