The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2   3 comments


The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

Introduction to the Nine Emperor Gods

The Nine Emperor Gods Jiǔ Huáng Xīng Jūn / Jiǔ Huáng Da Di (九皇星君/九皇大帝) are the nine sons manifested by Father Emperor Zhou Yu Dou Fu Yuan Jun (斗父周御國王天尊) and Mother of the Big Dipper Dou Mu Yuan Jun (斗母元君) who holds the Registrar of Life and Death. The worship of Dou Fu Yuan Jun has declined strongly as proper teachings of Taoism degenerate since being exported out of China. Today, most Nine Emperor God temples do not acknowledge the existence of Dou Fu Yuan Jun. However, Dou Fu Yuan Jun is invoked alongside Dou Mu Yuan Jun in Great Dipper Honouring known as Li Dou (禮斗) ceremonies. According To Priest Long Hua, the 35th Generation Leader of Long Shan Men Taoist Sect (Singapore), honouring the Northern Dipper stars prolongs one’s life, eliminate calamities, and absolves sins and past debts of oneself and his family.

The term Ye (爺) as in Jiu Huang Ye (九皇爺) loosely translates as “Grandfather”, a title worshipers commonly use to bring a more intimate relationship between themselves and the Nine Emperors. The Nine Emperor Gods should not be mixed up with the Wang Ye or Princes of the Ming rebels. Popular folk culture has it that the Nine Emperor Gods are actually sea pirates of the Ming dynasty that plotted to overthrow the Qing dynasty. According to Priest Long Hua, this information is inaccurate and considered derogatory to the actual teachings of Taoism as the Nine Emperor Gods are actually high-ranking Star Lords who preside over the movement of planets and coordinate mortal Life and Death issues.

The Nine Emperors is formed by the seven stars of the Big Dipper of the North Ursa Major (visible) and two assistant stars (invisible to most people). The Nine Emperor Stars are:

  1. Tan Lang Tai Xing Jun (貪狼太星君)1st Star (Visible) Bayer: α UMa
  2. Ju Men Yuan Xing Jun (巨門元星君) 2nd Star (Visible) Bayer: β UMa
  3. Lu Cun Zhen Xing Jun (祿存貞星君) 3rd Star (Visible) Bayer: γ UMa
  4. Wen Qu Niu Xing Jun (文曲紐星君) 4th Star (Visible) Bayer: δ UMa
  5. Lian Zhen Gang Xing Jun (玉廉貞綱星君) 5th Star(Visible) Bayer: ε UMa
  6. Wu Qu Ji Xing Jun (武曲紀星君) 6th Star(Visible) Bayer: ζ UMa
  7. Po Jun Guan Xing Jun (破軍關星君) 7th Star (Visible) Bayer: η UMa
  8. Zuo Fu Da Dao Xing Jun (左輔大道星君) 8th Star (Invisible)
  9. You Bi Da Dao Xing Jun (右弼大道星君) 9th Star (Invisible)

Nine Emperor Gods Festival celebration in popular folk culture

On the eve of the ninth moon, temples of the deities hold a ceremony to invoke and welcome the nine emperors. Since the arrival of the gods is believed to be through the waterways, processions are held from temples to the sea shore or river to symbolize this belief. Devotees dressed in traditional white, carrying incense and candles, await the arrival of their excellencies.

A carnival-like atmosphere pervades the temple throughout the nine-day festival. During this period of time, the constant tinkling of a prayer bell and chants from the temple priests are heard. Most devotees stay at the temple, eat vegetarian meals and recite continuous chanting of prayer. It is believed that there will be rain throughout the nine days of celebration.

The ninth day of the festival is its climax. A procession which draws scores of devotees sends the deities back home.

Extracted from Wikipedia by SP Lim

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The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

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3 responses to “The Nine Emperor Gods Festival ( Chinese: 九皇爺 ) ~ Part 2

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  1. You make me discover Chinese culture

    Liked by 1 person

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