Archive for the ‘Hokkiens’ Tag

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.   Leave a comment


The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

This was the Ceremony held at the Chew Jetty – Clan Jetty of the Hokkiens with the Surname of Chew, for the Birthday Celebrations of the Jade Emperor. It was located at the front main road of the Jetty along Weld Quay, George Town, Penang from 7.00 pm onwards on the night of 23rd February, 2018. Prayers were held at midnight to coincide with the Jade Emperor’s Birthday. This long array of offerings was offered by residents, relatives and friends who stayed at Chew Jetty or those who worked around this area including my late father.

SP Lim

 

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

 

The Jade Emperor (Chinese玉皇pinyinYù Huáng or 玉帝Yù Dì) in Chinese culturetraditional religions and myth is one of the representations of the first god (太帝 tài dì). In Taoist theology he is Yuanshi Tianzun, one of the Three Pure Ones, the three primordial emanations of the Tao. He is also the Cao Đài (“Highest Power”) of Caodaism known as Ngọc Hoàng Thượng đế. In Buddhist cosmology he is identified with ŚakraIn Korean mythology he is known as Hwanin.

The Jade Emperor is known by many names, including Heavenly Grandfather (天公Tiān Gōng), which originally meant “Heavenly Duke”, which is used by commoners; the Jade Lord; the Highest Emperor; Great Emperor of Jade (玉皇上帝Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝Yu Huang Dadi).

 

 

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

The Birthday of The Jade Emperor at Chew Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang.

Pai Thnee Kong by our mother tonight ..   Leave a comment


Pai Thnee Kong by our mother tonight 

Today, Friday 23 February, 2018 is the 8th Day Of The Lunar Chinese New Year being the Eve of The Jade Emperor’s Birthday.
My mother is making Nyonya “ANG KOO” Kueh in preparation to make offerings & pray to The Jade Emperor on his birthday at the stroke of midnight that is Saturday 24 February, 2018!

Today is the 8th Day Of The Lunar Chinese New Year.
MOM is making Nyonya “ANG KOO” Kueh in preparation to make offerings & pray to The Jade Emperor on his birthday at the stroke of midnight !

Today is the 8th Day Of The Lunar Chinese New Year.
MOM is making Nyonya “ANG KOO” Kueh in preparation to make offerings & pray to The Jade Emperor on his birthday at the stroke of midnight !

Extracted from my sister’s Facebook post.

 

After tonight’s “Pai Thnee Kong”, we are now looking forward to the 15th day of The Lunar Chinese New Year “CHAP GOH MEH” aka known as the Chinese Valentine’s Day !    Cindy Lim, my sister’s comments.

This Eighth Day of the Chinese New Year is the very day the Hokkiens Clan emerged from the sugar cane plantations safely after an invasion from some barbaric tribes during Chinese New Year. We, the Hokkiens Clan, prayed to the Jade Emperor for our safety and peaceful conclusion to the unwelcome invasion with two stalks of sugar cane ( one each tied to the front leg of the altar table ) with other offerings. As some of us are more Buddhist-oriented,  we do not offer Roasted Pigs, Ducks, Chicken and other meat offerings anymore.  My mother offers only vegetarian offerings and fruits only. Thus, it is normally the Hokkiens dialect  Chinese Community prays to The Jade Emperor during the night of the 8th Day. The actual day of the Jade Emperor’s Birthday is the 9th Day of the Chinese New Year.

SP Lim

Please note that each stalk of sugar cane is covered with yellow prayers’ joss paper. Each stalk is tied to the right/left leg of the altar table.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor’s Prayers ) at my Mother’s house   3 comments


Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor’s Prayers ) at my Mother’s house

Tonight is the night when Chinese of Hokkien descent pray tothe Jade Emperor of the Heavens ie the 9th Day of the Chinese New Year – Sunday, February 5th 2017. It usually starts off around midnight of the 8th Day when offerings were arranged and laid on the prayers table. As legend went, the Hokkien County was invaded by barbarians during the beginning of Chinese New Year and they went into hiding in their sugar-cane fields. On the 9th Day of the CNY, they emerged safely from hiding when the barbarians went off. They prayed to the Jade Emperor for their safety and two complete sugar-cane were offered with leaves and roots as gratitude.

SP Lim

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother's house.

Pai Thnee Kong ( Jade Emperor ) at my Mother’s house.

Pai Thnee Kong or Praying to the Taoist Jade Emperor of Heaven   Leave a comment


Pai Thee Kong 2016 003

Pai Thee Kong 2016 006

Pai Thee Kong 2016 009

Pai Thnee Kong or Praying to the Taoist Jade Emperor of Heaven
To the Malaysian Chinese of Hokkien descent, tonight is the actual start of Chinese New Year to them. Hokkiens are the Chinese from Southern part of China namely Fujian Province. As legend or historical account has it. the Hokkien was hiding in a sugar plantation when they were invaded by savages from other areas of China. After hiding for 8 to 9 days in the sugar plantation, they finally returned to their villages safe and sound. They offered prayers to the Taoist Jade Emperor of Heaven for looking after their welfare and safety during the terrible invasion. They started the Chinese New Year from the 9th Day of the Chinese New Year with “Pai Thnee Kong” from that day.
This is still practised by Malaysian of Chinese descent especially in Penang Island where a lot of Hokkiens stay. As I am a Hokkien, I continued with this traditional practice but now with fruits, cakes made from glutinous rice and dumplings made from flour including the imitation piglet-like pastry. Last night at midnight of Monday 15/02/2016 or start of Tuesday 16/02/2016 – 9th Day of 2016 Chinese New Year was when I prayed to the “Thnee Kong” or Jade Emperor in Hokkien. In the past a whole roasted pig is offered but as Malaysian Chinese of Taoist/Buddhist religious observance started to practise more vegetarian inclined diet. As a strong deterrent the price of a mature roasted pig has raised many folds to a price over RM1,000.00 (US$300.00) per pig. Do you notice the symbolism of tying two sticks of sugarcane at the table? The Hokkiens do not forget the safety sanctuary provided by the sugarcane plantations. We are indeed grateful. The ceremony ends with the burning of joss paper and fire-crackers but these are banned in Malaysia.

SP Lim

Pai Thee Kong 2016 011

Pai Thee Kong 2016 013

Pai Thee Kong 2016 014

From Wikipedia:-
The Jade Emperor (Chinese: 玉皇; pinyin: Yù Huáng or 玉帝, Yù Dì) in Chinese culture, traditional religions and myth is one of the representations of the first god (太帝 tài dì). In Taoist theology he is Yuanshi Tianzun, one of the Three Pure Ones, the three primordial emanations of the Tao. He is also the Cao Đài (“Highest Power”) of Caodaism.

The Jade Emperor is known by many names, including Heavenly Grandfather (天公, Tiān Gōng), which originally meant “Heavenly Duke”, which is used by commoners; the Jade Lord the Highest Emperor, Great Emperor of Jade (玉皇上帝, Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝, Yu Huang Dadi).

Pai Thee Kong 2016 015

Pai Thee Kong 2016 018

Pai Thee Kong 2016 020

Worship and festivals

The Jade Emperor Ritual at Yuzun Temple in Sanxing, Yilan of Taiwan on the Emperor’s Birthday.
The Jade Emperor’s Birthday (天公誕) is said to be the ninth day of the first lunar month. On this day Taoist temples hold a Jade Emperor ritual (拜天公, bài Tiān Gōng, literally “heaven worship”) at which priests and laymen prostrate themselves, burn incense and make food offerings.

In the morning of this birthday, Chinese and Taiwanese households set up an altar table with 3 layers: one top (containing offertories of six vegetables (六齋), noodles, fruits, cakes, tangyuan, vegetable bowls, and unripe betel, all decorated with paper lanterns) and two lower levels (containing the five sacrifices and wines) to honor the deities below the Jade Emperor. The household then kneels three times and kowtows nine times to pay homage and wish him a long life.

Pai Thee Kong 2016 023

Pai Thee Kong 2016 031

Pai Thee Kong 2016 032

Pai Thee Kong 2016 036

Pai Thee Kong 2016 037

Pai Thee Kong 2016 041

Pai Thee Kong 2016 048

Pai Thee Kong 2016 057

Pai Thee Kong 2016 063

Praying to the Jade Emperor or Pai Thnee Kong   2 comments


Praying to the Jade Emperor or Pai Thnee Kong
From Wikipedia:-
The Jade Emperor (Chinese: 玉皇; pinyin: Yù Huáng or 玉帝, Yù Dì) in Chinese culture, traditional religions and myth is one of the representations of the first god (太帝 tài dì). In Taoist theology he is Yuanshi Tianzun, one of the Three Pure Ones, the three primordial emanations of the Tao. He is also the Cao Đài (“Highest Power”) of Caodaism.
The Jade Emperor is known by many names, including Heavenly Grandfather (天公, Tiān Gōng), which originally meant “Heavenly Duke”, which is used by commoners; the Jade Lord the Highest Emperor, Great Emperor of Jade (玉皇上帝, Yu Huang Shangdi or 玉皇大帝, Yu Huang Dadi). In Korean religious traditions the same name is rendered as Okhwangsangje.
Worship and festivals
The Jade Emperor’s Birthday (天公诞) is said to be the ninth day of the first lunar month. On this day Taoist temples hold a Jade Emperor ritual (拜天公, bài Tiān Gōng, literally “heaven worship”) at which priests and laymen prostrate themselves, burn incense and make food offerings.
In the morning of this birthday, Chinese and Taiwanese households set up an altar table with 3 layers: one top (containing offertories of six vegetables (六齋), noodles, fruits, cakes, tangyuan, vegetable bowls, and unripe betel, all decorated with paper lanterns) and two lower levels (containing the five sacrifices and wines) to honor the deities below the Jade Emperor. The household then kneels three times and kowtows nine times to pay homage and wish him a long life.

Inserted by SP Lim

These photographs showed the prayers conducted at my home last night Thursday, 26 February, 2015. An interesting fact is the offering of sugar-canes in this prayer by the local Chinese Malaysians of Hokkien descendant as clearly shown in the photographs. Why? Reason as legend went, the ancestors of Fujian – the Hokkiens were invaded by their enemies during Chinese New Year. They survived the ordeal by hiding in a sugar-cane plantation and emerged to safety on the ninth day of Chinese New Year. Thus, the significant role of sugar-cane is seen up to this day. Thus, it is said that the Ninth Day of Chinese New Year is a more important day than the First Day of CNY as the Hokkiens were able to celebrate the CNY in safety and happily. Thus, they offered prayers to the Jade Emperor for their safety and survival, the sugar-canes were probably added as their gratitude of safe hiding place as reminder. These sugar-canes were usually tied to the two sides of the front odf the altar table.
Keong Hee Huat Chye – wishing Chinese New Year greetings in Hokkien – Wishing you a Happy and Prosperous New Year even though you may not be Chinese.

SP Lim

CNY is Chinese New Year in short.

Hok Tek Tong’s 150 Anniversary Celebrations in Padang, Sumatera, Indonesia   Leave a comment


This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Making my third trip to Hok Tek Tong of Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia to join them in celebrating their 150th Anniversary of the founding of their cultural and religious organization for the Chinese immigrants then. Hok Tek Tong aka Himpunan Tjinta Teman has evolved from the orginal objectives to more social-oriented and welfare concepts like our Poh Hock Seah. Poh Hock Seah was one of the bodies evolved from Kean Teik Tong which was banned as a Secret Society in 1800’s. Though under different names and branding, both organizations were of the same origin in Penang. A Mr Lee Kiew Seng from Penang brought a image of Twa Peh Kong,150 years ago, to Padang and the Diety is still worshipped to today.Similarly, Poh Hcok Seah had the same parallel but evolved into a more religious organization for Malaysian Chinese of Hokkien dialect. Hok Tek Tong had opened its doors to all Indonesian Chinese of all dialects including “Orang China Kungfu or Cantonese” and from all religions including Christians.

SP Lim

The first step in blogging is not writing them but reading them. — Jeff Jarvis

%d bloggers like this: