Archive for the ‘Tai Soo Yah’ Tag

Wayang photo-shooting continues   Leave a comment


Wayang photo-shooting continues

With my limping left leg. the blogger continued photo-shooting of this only Cantonese Chinese Opera or Wayang in the city. While mobility can be problematic, i took a chair and sat down to shoot using my 70-200 mm telephoto lens. There is a problem with the lighting on the stage with my opinion. The performers are lighted up well in some location and cast in dark shadow in other location thus selecting spots for photography is precise timing and some luck.

Happy viewing.

SP Lim

The only Cantonese Chinese Opera or Wayang in the city

The only Cantonese Chinese Opera or Wayang in the city

The only Cantonese Chinese Opera or Wayang in the city

The only Cantonese Chinese Opera or Wayang in the city

The only Cantonese Chinese Opera or Wayang in the city

The Tai Soo Yah or the Taoist King of the Hades at Jalan Samak, off Dato Kramat Road,, Penang

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4 Final   Leave a comment


Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah

Historical event of the final burning of the Tai Soo Yah Paper Effigy at Prai Megamall, Penang, on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016 as there shall be no paper effigy as from 2017. A permanent idol of Tai Soo Yah of over 12 feet in height shall be replacing this paper effigy in future. Thus, this permanent idol of Tai Soo Yah put an end to future burning of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy – a logical economical decision.

I am glad and satisfied that I had recorded this historical event with Bertrand Linet, Allen Lim and Marilyn Ho in photographic records. There shall no burning of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy next year but I believe joss paper and other paper offerings shall be burnt instead.

SP Lim

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016.

TSY Megamall Burning 344

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 4

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3   Leave a comment


Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical event of the final burning of the Tai Soo Yah Paper Effigy at Prai Megamall, Penang, on Merdeka Day eve of Tuesday, August 30, 2016 as there shall be no paper effigy as from 2017. A permanent idol of Tai Soo Yah of over 12 feet in height shall be replacing this paper effigy in future. Thus, this permanent idol of Tai Soo Yah put an end to future burning of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy – a logical economical decision.

I am glad and satisfied that I had recorded this historical event with Bertrand Linet, Allen Lim and Marilyn Ho in photographic records. There shall no burning of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy next year but I believe joss paper and other paper offerings shall be burnt instead.

SP Lim

Tomorrow is the Final Part 4 of this event. Hope you all enjoyed these postings.

 

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

TSY Megamall Burning 258 TSY Megamall Burning 262 TSY Megamall Burning 474 TSY Megamall Burning 478

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai's Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Historical final burning of Prai’s Tai Soo Yah ~ Part 3

Getting ready for the burning with addition of the joss paper and other paper offerings.

 

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ~ Part 3   Leave a comment


Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

 

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

 

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 3

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ~ Part 2   2 comments


Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

The Prayers Session before the mini procession to the main road to burn the Tai Soo Yah image and the Joss Paper Boat.

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

 

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

Sian Chye Tong's Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~ Part 2

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

 

Sian Chye Tong’s Annual Filial Piety Celebration during the Hungry Ghost Festival ending on Saturday, 27 August, 2016 ~
Part 2

The Second Largest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang   Leave a comment


The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

The Second Biggest Tai Soo Yah Image in Penang

It is located at Prai beside the Megamall, Jalan Baru, Prai.

SP Lim

 

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4   Leave a comment


Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

 

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 - The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 4 – The Procession back for burning.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3   Leave a comment


Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 ~ The Procession around the Kuan Yin Temple

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 ~ The Procession to the Kuan Yin Temple and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 - The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 – The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 - The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 – The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 - The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 – The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 - The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 – The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 - The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 3 – The Procession to Kuan Yin Teng and back again.

 

 

 

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 2   Leave a comment


Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 2

” The Journey back to Hell and the Underworld by the Tai Soo Yah ”

The start of the religious ceremony led by a Taoist Spiritual Medium, the Twa Pek with the fan. The Medium is always associated with the vices of smoking opium and drinking alcohol ( thus in modern times – cigarettes and stout ).The image of the Taoist King of Hades also known as the Tai Soo Yah locally was then carried by hand by the Temple Officials across the trail of burnt ashes of the joss paper to outside the praying area. Preparations were made for a short procession towards the Kuan Yin Temple along Pitt Street nearby and back to the road junction for burning of the paper effigy.

SP Lim

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. The Medium of Twa Pek (a Diety of the Underworld) is in a trance conducts the ceremony.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Trail of burning joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Trail of burning joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Getting ready to lift the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Getting ready to lift the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Getting ready to lift the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Getting ready to lift the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. Lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper towards outside of the praying area.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. The Medium Twa Pek starts the ceremony of lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. The Medium Twa Pek starts the ceremony of lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper. Time for a smoke.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. The Medium Twa Pek starts the ceremony of lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016. The Medium Twa Pek starts the ceremony of lifting of the Tai Soo Yah paper effigy and following the trail of burnt joss paper. The trail of joss paper is now being burn.

 

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang – Final Night, Part 1   Leave a comment


 

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah on Festival of the Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday, 22 August, 2016.

 

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Tai Soo Yah at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

Celebrations of the Tai Soo Yah of the Festival of Hungry Ghost at Lim Jetty, Weld Quay, Penang on the final night of Monday 22 August, 2016.

 

The internet at my local network is acting up again as I was trying to upload the last 5 photographs since 10.00 pm last night. Now it is 2.10 pm on Wednesday, 24 August 2016 I has just managed to be successful in uploading the rest of the photographs. My e-mails for blogging had piled up to over 2,500 in numbers. My apologies, folks.

SP Lim

 

 

 

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